To develop a (SHMS) soil health management system.
* Plant diversity,
* Living roots (year-round),
* Surface covered with residues
& living plants,
* Minimal soil disturbance.
* Consider grazing where
One goal of soil health is to learn how to manage soil in a way that improves soil function. Soils respond differently to management depending on the inherent properties of the soil and the surrounding landscape.
Soil Health Can Improve All Levels of The Soil Food Web
Within the top few inches of the soil surface. Soil organisms (bacteria, mycorrhizal fungi, arthropods, earthworms etc.) transform carbon as energy, create and modify their habitat, and influence dynamic soil properties.
Below Ground: Plant root residues are utilized by a wide diversity of soil biota, including mycorrhizal fungi, arthropods, earthworms, aerobic bacteria, and invertebrates. These organisms utilize root exudates (simple sugars from roots), which mineralize nutrients for the plant. Mycorrhizal fungi also assist in the nutrient cycling and water acquisition to the plant.
Above ground : members of the Soil Food Web i.e. Pollinators which are primary insect and avian or mammalian, that fertilize plants, resulting in the formation of seeds and fruit or vegetables.
Soil Health Influences Dynamic Soil Properties
* Superior use of photosynthesis
* Plant or Crop trending toward better plant health or vigor,
* Increased nutrient cycling
* Decreased runoff
* Increased productivity of soil glues and Glomalin by soil biota,
* Increased infiltration,
*Increased habitat for soil biota,
* Increased biodiversity,
* Cooler soil temperatures,
* Increased predator prey relationships,
* Increase the soil ability to develop “water stable aggregates”,